The Kingdom Of Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud

On August 1, 2005, Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud became the King of Saudi Arabia after the death of his half-brother King Fahd. Abdullah was the Crown Prince and acted as the de-facto adviser and ruler after King Fahd died due to a major stroke in the year 1996.

Abdullah also worked as the Commander of the Saudi National Guard and First Deputy Prime Minister. He was the son of King Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman Al-Saud, who established the foundation of modern Saudi Arabia. His mother’s name was Fahda who was the eight wife of Ibn Saud.

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Riyadh was the birthplace of Abdullah and he received his primary education in the Royal Court at the Princes’ School under the guidance of intellects and religious authorities. Abdullah married to four women and had fifteen daughters and seven sons.

In 1963, he was given the position of Commander of the Saudi National Guard, and in June 1982, he became the First Deputy Prime Minister. Prince Abdullah established two libraries in the Muslim world, one in Casablanca, Morocco and the other in Riyadh (the King Abdulaziz Library).

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But soon the plan was dropped because of the criticism from both Israel and Arab states. Abdullah of Saudi Arabia was a devout Muslim. He does meetings with the leaders of the religious establishment of Saudi Arabia, at least once a week so as to get guidance and advice.

Like several former Saudi rulers, Abdullah is considered a relatively moderate ruler. However, in recent years, this image has been compromised, as the schools of Saudi Arabia continue to teach anti-Semitism.

At the age of 90, Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud died of natural causes in his home on 22nd January 2014. Abdullah was a great leader who introduced several laws in favor of Saudi Arabian people, especially for women.